The Timeline of Angevin World
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1 August 1086
2 August 1100
5 August 1100
28 September 1106
25 November 1120
22 December 1135
This conflict dragged on for many years. At various times, both Stephen and Matilda were teetering on the brink of total defeat, yet managed to recover sufficiently to continue fighting.
A famous incident occurred at Christmas of 1141, when Matilda found herself trapped by Stephen’s forces, which were besieging Oxford Castle. With a group of loyal knights, Matilda escaped from the castle (most likely through the postern gate) and avoided capture.
18 May 1152
With the death of his father, Henry is now Count of Anjou, and he is leading the fight to recover the throne from Stephen of Blois.
6 November 1153
Sometimes called, “The Treaty of Winchester” (or Wallingford, or Westminster), it is more accurately referred to as a charter or settlement. Stephen agreed to make Henry his heir, Stephen’s only surviving son surrendered his claim to the throne, and Stephen would be allowed to retain the throne until his death.
19 December 1154
1153 - 1166
Between August of 1153 and December of 1166, Henry II and Eleanor had eight children. The oldest died in infancy, but the remaining seven survived to adulthood.
William IX, Count of Poitiers (1153-1156)
Henry the Young King (1155-1183)
Matilda, Duchess of Saxony (1156-1189)
Richard I, King of England (1157-1199)
Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany (1158-1186)
Eleanor, Queen of Castile (1162-1214)
Joan, Queen of Sicily (1165-1199)
John, King of England (1166-1216)
14 June 1170
Henry the Young King was frustrated by his father’s refusal to grant him any power.
29 December 1170
The Great Revolt of 1173 - 1174
The uprising was defeated after eighteen months.
As a consequence, Queen Eleanor was imprisoned for the next sixteen years, until Henry’s death.
19 August 1186
Summer of 1188
12 May 1191
Richard’s marriage to Berengaria further strained his tenuous relationship with King Philippe, as Richard had been betrothed to Philippe’s half-sister.
8 June 1191
King Philippe becomes very ill with dysentery.
July 31: King Philippe leaves the Holy Land and returns to France. Richard worries that Philippe may try to take control of disputed lands.
25 August 1191
7 September 1191
They defeated Saladin’s forces and were able to continue their march south towards Jerusalem.
13 January 1192
Meanwhile, back in France, Philippe tries to trick the Norman barons into surrendering their lands to him while Richard is in the Holy Land.
20 February 1192
These disputes between the Pisans and Genoans are symptomatic of the larger tensions building between Richard’s men and the forces loyal to Philippe.
July - August 1192
In July, Saladin attacks Jaffa, and the Battle of Jaffa reveals that the two sides are exhausted and ready to end the war.
9 October 1192
While Eleanor works to raise the ransom, Prince John and King Philippe continue to plot against Richard, even offering to pay his captors to keep him longer.
4 February 1194
Although Prince John had conspired with King Philippe against his brother, King Richard forgave John at the behest of his mother, Eleanor. John is named Richard’s heir, although Richard was still hoping to father a child with Queen Berengaria.
6 April 1199
On March 25, he was wounded in the shoulder by a crossbow bolt, believed to have been accidently fired at the king. The wound became gangrenous, and Richard died on April 6, in his mother’s arms.
In April of 1204, Eleanor died and the Duchy of Aquitaine passed to John.
By August of 1204, Philippe had taken Normandy and occupied Anjou and Poitou. All of John’s continental lands were under Philippe’s control except for Aquitaine.
John would devote the next ten years to fortifying England against attack and preparing battle plans to retake Normandy and the Angevin lands.